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Chichen Itza is located east of the Yucatan state road 120 km from Cancun to Merida. Chichen Itza (Mouth of the Well of the Itza) is one of the most controversial parts of the Mayan world, its history and chronological gy are subject to discussions and the fate of its inhabitants is still a puzzle, archaeologists teoríasa modify their actions that excavations continue.
The Itza Chichen Itza settled in the ninth century AD Maya believed to be putunes or chontal. Forged a broad domain with a unified culture whose center was Chichen Itza, without embargohacia dc 1250 the city was abandoned for reasons not completely understood. So great was the power of this city that centuries after its fall, even a site of pilgrimage and worship and even to the year 1540 AD Francisco de Montejo, Merida's founder, thought his capital.
In its heyday Chichen Itza covered 25 km2. The cultural and religious center comprising administrative Chichen Itza, about 6 km2 Observatoriocaba was located close to the area where the elite in the palace-like buildings, carefully decorated and brightly painted. Some of these in green fields, lived between 50 thousand and 100 thousand people in thatched-roof palapas.
The Castle of Kukulcan, with its 30 meters high, is the most impressive building. Its age is difficult to estimate, are estimated dates ranging between 650 and 800 AD The numbers of their measures are related to figures from Mayan solar calendar, for example: 91 steps x 4 sides, 364, over the platform, 365 days a year. The five cane ornaments side of the temple are 5 x 4: 20 days of the month maya. It is in this building, which accurately reflects the deep knowledge of the Maya, you can see the deity of Kukulkan, "The Plumed Serpent" down time at each equinox, a phenomenon of light and shade that draws thousands of visitors all over the world.
The ball game that had a cosmic significance, with its symbols of war and almost perfect acoustics, is one of the oldest buildings of the place with inscribed date of 864 AD
Visit this magnificent site is to enter a crucial chapter in the history of the Maya people, no visitor to Yucatán without traversing the Great Chichen Itza, ending this meeting with mayas Sound and light show offered every night of the year .
Northern Group Building:
The central group:
Tour to Chichen Itza by Land: $61 USD from Merida
Tour to Chichen Itza by Land: $119 USD from Cancun &Riviera Maya
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Tour to Chichen Itza by Air: $1,975 USD from Cancun
This gallery include 10 Photos, clic to enlarge