Sayil Mayan Ruins are located 33km to the southeast of Uxmal by the freeway 261. Right detour at km 34. Literally, it’s name means Place of the muleteer ants. In Mayan language the word “say” is used to refer to this kind of insects that use to cut and take leaf pieces. In contrast with most of the known names for prehispanic sites. This one could be truly antique.
Sayil is constructed over a large valley, surrounded by low hills, sometimes a little craggy; the place shows a difficult perspective for human life, due to the complete lack of water in the surface. For this reason, Mayans constructed a big quantity of underground water deposits known as chultunes, in order to store rainfall water.
The same way as Uxmal and Kabah, Sayil is one of the three largest and most complex Mayan cities in the Puuc region, the only ranged territory in the Yucatan peninsula.
The dating of the Sayil occupation is based in a limited number of hieroglyphic dates (810 A.C. for trail 6) and in the studies made to the ceramics, most of it belongs to the Cepech ceramic complex ubicated between 800 and 1000 A.C.